An unfortunate part of leading an active lifestyle is suffering the occasional injury. Remember immediately following any acute injury follow the rules of RICER (rest, ice, compression, elevation and referral). Dunsborough Physiotherapy Centre physiotherapists can give you guidance in regard to the Do's and Don'ts following injury as required.
Rest: preferably keep weight off the injured area and limit movement / loading in the first 48 hours post-injury. At Dunsborough Physiotherapy Centre we stock elbow and axillary crutches for sale / hire.
Ice: apply for 10-20 minutes every 3-4 hours as able over the first 48 hours: this will help to limit the effects of vasodilation following injury which leads to excessive bleeding and swelling.
Compression: apply a compression bandage, support (as shown), or tubigrip (a form of compression bandage) to limit swelling. Dunsborough Physiotherapy Centre have these compressive bandages / supports available for sale.
Elevation: elevate the injured area above the level of the heart as able to minimise swelling. To lie flat is better than sitting or standing in most circumstances.
Referral: seek medical advice from your physiotherapist. We are able to assess the severity of your injury and treat it appropriately. If scanning is required we can refer you to radiology for x-ray / diagnostic ultrasound.
Common surfing injuries:
The most common surfing injuries requiring treatment are lacerations, sprains, dislocations and
fractures. The most common surfing injury is a laceration or cut, accounting for about half of all surfing injuries. Half of all lacerations are caused by direct
contact with the sea floor. Joint sprains account for 1/4 of all surfing injuries, most commonly to the back, shoulder, knee, and ankle. Dislocations and
fractures account for the remainder of injuries with the nose, teeth, and ribs the most common fracture sites. The legs (37%) and head (35%) are most
common areas of injury. The torso (16%) and arms (12%) account for the rest of injuries.Acute injuries account for almost 75% of surfing injuries. Aside
from lacerations, acute knee injuries are common: two-thirds of knee injuries are sprains, cartilage tears, and dislocations, mostly caused by excessive
body torque when performing turns on the wave face, when landing from aerial manoeuvres, or due to a fall.
Surfers are also prone to chronic overuse injuries. The most common chronic injuries are strains of the shoulder, back, and neck due to repeated
paddling out into the surf. Chronic ligament sprains of the knee occur frequently due to frequent turns and twists.
What causes surfing injuries?
The most common cause (almost 50%) of injury in surfers is hitting a surfboard, either your own or someone else's. Wipeouts in deeper water cause
about one-third of all injuries. Falling and hitting the seabed or sea litter is responsible for almost 20% of surfing injuries. Seabeds of coral double the risk of injury compared to sandy seabeds.
Who gets injured?
Experienced surfers tend to have more severe injuries than novices most likely because they surf larger waves in more challenging conditions.
Inexperienced surfers tend to be injured more frequently, although their injuries tend to be less serious. Competitive surfers have slightly higher injury
rates than recreational surfers 1 injury for every 150 hours of surfing. However, competitive surfers usually ride higher waves, perform numerous turns
and twists, and often execute aerial maneuvers. Variables that increase the risk for a serious injury (requires hospitalization) versus a minor injury are age
over 30 years old, advanced or expert surfing ability, and wave size over the head. There is no difference in the injury rates between men and women.
How to prevent surfing injuries?
If your require rehab following a surfing injury, or wish to improve your surf fitness conditioning call Dunsborough Physiotherapy Centre phone: 97553600.
For more information please visit our website: http://www.dunsboroughphysio.com.au
Ben Liston of Dunsborough Physiotherapy Centre has over 25 years of physiotherapy experience.